indianz.com your internet resource indianz.com on facebook indianz.com on twitter indianz.com on Google+
ph: 202 630 8439
Dynamic Homes
Advertise on Indianz.Com
Home > News > Headlines
Print   Subscribe
Indian mortality rates still high, according to CDC
Thursday, May 3, 2007
Filed Under: Health

The infant mortality rate among American Indian and Alaska Native women has not changed significantly in the past 10 years, according to data released on Wednesday.

In 2004, there were 8.45 deaths per 1,000 live births among Native women, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported. That's higher than the national average and the second-highest infant mortality rate among all women.

Furthermore, the rate hasn't changed much in the past decade. Since 1995, infant mortality among Native women has dropped about 6.5 percent.

In comparison, the infant mortality rate dropped by 10.2 percent among White women and by 11.5 percent among Hispanic women. Among women of all racial and ethnic groups, the rate has fallen 10.4 percent in the last decade or so.

"During this 9-year period, decreases have been observed for all race and ethnic groups, although not all had significant declines," the CDC said, excluding Native American women from the "significant" list.

Going by state, South Dakota had an extremely high rate of Indian infant mortality. It was 13.51 per 1,000 live births, or nearly twice the national average, based on data from 2002-2044.

High rates were also reported in Oregon (11.07); Washington (10.53); North Carolina (11.10); and New York (11.03) and Alaska (9.41); Lower rates were reported in Oklahoma (7.81); New Mexico (6.96) and California (6.29).

A second report found that pre-term infant deaths were up slightly in 2004. Native women are less likely to experience pre-term deaths, according to the data.

Risk factors for infant mortality include birthweight, period of gestation, age of mother and smoking. Native women in the Plains, the Pacific Northwest and Alaska report higher use of tobacco than their counterparts in the Southwest and Oklahoma.

The leading cause of infant mortality in 2004 was congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. This accounted for 20 percent of all infant deaths, according to the CDC. Disorders relating to short gestation and low birthweight was the second leading cause, followed by Sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS.

Going by race, infant mortality rates from congenital malformations were 57 percent higher for Native women, the CDC said. Additionally, SIDS rates were 1.9 times higher for Native women. Finally, 8 percent of Native infant mortality cases were due to unintentional injuries.

"Thus, if American Indian infant mortality rates for these three causes could be reduced to non-Hispanic white levels, the difference in the infant mortality rate between American Indian and non-Hispanic white mothers would be reduced by 51 percent," the report said.

The Indian Health Care Improvement Act bills pending in Congress lists SIDS prevention as one of the areas in which tribes would have greater flexibility to deliver services.

CDC Reports:
Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2004 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set | Trends in Preterm-Related Infant Mortality by Race and Ethnicity: United States, 1999-2004 | Press Release

Relevant Links:
National Center for Health Statistics, CDC - http://www.cdc.gov/nchs
Indian Health Service - http://www.ihs.gov
National Indian Health Board - http://www.nihb.org

Related Stories:
Indian Health Care Act introduced in Senate (5/2)
California tribes seek bigger share of health funding (5/1)
Belcourt: Indian Country takes path of healthy living (4/30)
House committee approves Indian health care bill (4/26)
Montana and Wyoming tribes host health conference (04/06)
Montana lawmaker presses for health care funding (4/5)
Opinion: U.S. failing to provide Indian health care (3/22)
Kara Briggs: The fight to reauthorize IHCIA (3/21)
Urban Indians hurt by IHS policy in Montana (3/20)
Health care push continues at House hearing (3/19)
DOJ's Indian white paper a political whodunit (3/14)
House hearing on Indian Health Care Improvement (3/14)
Urban Indians under attack over health care (3/12)
Fireworks at Indian health care hearing (3/9)
Senate hearing on Indian Health reauthorization (3/8)
Urban Indians in New Mexico feel left out on health (3/8)
Some urban Indians denied care at request of IHS (3/8)
Indian Health Care Act introduced in House (3/7)
Hearings on Indian Health Care Improvement Act (3/5)
Democrats promise action at USET conference (2/14)
Harjo: GOP calls Indian health care 'race-based' (2/12)
Tribes forced to ration funds for health services (2/2)
Interview: Inadequate health care in Indian Country (01/16)
Joint hearing on Indian health care act postponed (11/14)
Final push for health care bill in 109th Congress (11/13)
White House hit over delays in health care and Cobell (10/05)
Still no Indian Health Care Improvement Act (09/22)
New Standard: U.S. failing to deliver health care (7/18)
Senate panel advances Indian health care measure (10/28)
Senate committee takes up slate of Indian bills (10/27)
Hearing on Indian Health Care Improvement Act (07/13)
Oklahoma senator loses Indian health care vote (06/29)

Copyright © Indianz.Com
More headlines...
Stay Connected:

Local Links:
Federal Register | Indian Gaming | Jobs & Notices | In The Hoop | Message Board
Latest News:
Native Sun News: Oglala Sioux Tribe battles uranium mine project (4/1)
Information on Bureau of Indian Affairs website missing in action (4/1)
Mary Grayson: Cherokee Nation race loses only female candidate (4/1)
South Dakota authorities quiet on ruling in landmark ICWA case (4/1)
Senate Indian Affairs Committee holds field hearing in Wyoming (4/1)
Paiute Tribe moves to oust leader for accepting NFL team's gifts (4/1)
Navajo Nation leaders object to presidential election on April 21 (4/1)
Hoopa Valley Tribe sees setback as fire destroys housing agency (4/1)
Chickasaw Nation sets walk to raise awareness of sexual assault (4/1)
Eastern Cherokee Chief Michell Hicks won't pursue a fourth term (4/1)
Shingle Springs Band to conduct sound tests for shooting range (4/1)
Non-Indian businesses asked to vacate Indian land in California (4/1)
Judge tells Mackinac Tribe to submit federal recognition petition (4/1)
Pamunkey Tribe refutes criticism of federal recognition petition (4/1)
Editorial: DOI's new fracking regulations strike the right balance (4/1)
MOWA Band of Choctaw Indians loses decision in casino lawsuit (4/1)
City loses yet another ruling in Fond du Lac Band casino dispute (4/1)
Oklahoma tribes send fewer casino dollars to state amid growth (4/1)
Ho-Chunk Nation off-reservation casino deal goes 3 more years (4/1)
Chehalis Tribe honors singer at casino concert for defending girl (4/1)
Gaming operations proliferate in Texas as state goes after tribes (4/1)
Native Sun News: Ceremony welcomes return of spiritual beings (3/31)
Tribes and families in South Dakota win big victory in ICWA case (3/31)
Non-Indian adoption group disputes BIA's new ICWA guidelines (3/31)
Dennis Chappabitty: How I survived a racist attack in Oklahoma (3/31)
Ellie Reynolds: Native people used as pawns in mascot debates (3/31)
Jordan Wheeler: Fan in fake headdress turned out to be Native (3/31)
Carolina Castoreno: Racism runs rampant in the 'Hoosier State' (3/31)
Tulalip man charged for buying firearm used in school shooting (3/31)
Man charged in stabbing of BIA superintendent in South Dakota (3/31)
Few details about well-being of Lower Brule Sioux Tribe leader (3/31)
Navajo Nation makes headlines as first with tax on junk foods (3/31)
School to use IHS grant to bring Native students into medicine (3/31)
German photographer earns trust on Fort Belknap Reservation (3/31)
Water agencies seek early appeal for Agua Caliente Band case (3/31)
Radio station on Hopi Reservation launches fundraising effort (3/31)
Bureau of Reclamation seeks $20.3M for tribal water projects (3/31)
Metis Nation of Saskatchewan closes doors after losing funds (3/31)
Report puts tribal gaming industry revenues at $28.3B in 2013 (3/31)
Fort Sill Apache Tribe loses bid to force state into gaming deal (3/31)
Santee Sioux Tribe prepares to open casino golf course in June (3/31)
Eastern Shawnee Tribe to welcome visitors to reopened casino (3/31)
Editorial: Cherokee Nation contributes to economy with casino (3/31)
Everything you wanted to know about tribal gaming in Arizona (3/31)
Opinion: Connecticut tribes face challenges to gaming empire (3/31)
Native Sun News: Designation sought at Cheyenne warrior site (3/30)
Lakota Country Times: Efforts to rename sacred peak ramp up (3/30)
Mark Charles: Nation was built on the dehumanization of others (3/30)
Navajo Nation considers agreement for land-buy back program (3/30)
US Attorneys named to lead DOJ Native American subcommittee (3/30)
Kevin Abourezk: Students retrace journey of Chief Standing Bear (3/30)
Patricia Paul: Overcoming hardships and becoming a tribal judge (3/30)
Julianne Jennings: Taking care of our eyesight in Indian Country (3/30)
Police looking for clues after murders of Indian man and woman (3/30)
Chairman Michael Jandreau of Lower Brule Sioux Tribe in hospital (3/30)
Hundreds pay respects to Navajo Nation officer killed on the job (3/30)
Police officer who kicked Native man reinstated in Saskatchewan (3/30)
Native boy with rare disease granted wish to join favorite team (3/30)
Jury rules against Cheyenne River Sioux man in 'KKK' scar case (3/30)
more headlines...

Home | Arts & Entertainment | Business | Canada | Cobell Lawsuit | Education | Environment | Federal Recognition | Federal Register | Forum | Health | Humor | Indian Gaming | Indian Trust | Jack Abramoff Scandal | Jobs & Notices | Law | National | News | Opinion | Politics | Sports | Technology | World

Indianz.Com Terms of Service | Indianz.Com Privacy Policy
About Indianz.Com | Advertise on Indianz.Com

Indianz.Com is a product of Noble Savage Media, LLC and Ho-Chunk, Inc.