indianz.com your internet resource indianz.com on facebook indianz.com on twitter indianz.com on Google+
ph: 202 630 8439   fax: 202 318 2182
Indian Law Online Master Degree
Advertise on Indianz.Com
Home > News > Headlines

printer friendly version
Data shows increase in HIV infections in U.S.
Monday, December 1, 2003

The number of newly diagnosed HIV infections in the United States continues to rise, although cases among Native Americans remain stable, according to new data from the federal government.

There were 609 HIV cases among American Indians and Alaska Natives from 1999 to 2002, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported last week. The amount represents less than 1 percent of all HIV diagnoses in the 29 states covered by the study.

The overwhelming majority of new cases among Native Americans, about 70 percent, were among Native men. Men who have sex with men are at high risk for infection from HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

Overall, federal officials said there hasn't been a significant increase in new HIV infections in Indian Country. From 1994 to 2000, there were 654 new HIV cases among Native Americans, according to a CDC study published in July 2002.

But among other groups, the numbers have skyrocketed, officials reported. For example, there were 26 percent more diagnoses among Hispanics during the four-year period. Among whites, there was an 8 percent increase in new diagnoses. Nationwide, there was a 5.1 percent increase from 1999 to 2002.

"These new findings strongly support three key realities of today's epidemic: the HIV epidemic in this country is not over; more often than not the face of HIV in this country is black or Latino; and gay and bisexual men in several communities are facing a possible resurgence of HIV infection," said Dr. Julie Gerberding, director of the CDC.

The data was reported in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, a CDC publication. The authors of the study said the rising numbers "emphasize the need for new prevention strategies to reverse potential increases in HIV transmission" among men who have sex with men, Hispanics and whites.

Not all states participate in the confidential system the CDC study relied on. California, which has the highest number of Native Americans, was not included. However, data from several states that have a significant Native American population was reported.

In some states, Native Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. In South Dakota, Natives are 8.3 percent of the population but make up 13 percent of HIV/AIDS cases. In New Mexico, Natives make up 6 percent of the cases in a state where they are about 10 percent of the population. Officials in Wyoming reported a rise in HIV infections among Native Americans during the 1990s.

Some tribes are reporting rising rates as well. For the first time, health officials on the Navajo Nation say HIV and AIDS cases are originating on the reservation. The Navajo Nation is the largest tribe in the country, with 151 HIV infections on the reservation reported since 1987.

According to the Indian Health Service (IHS), the first four AIDS cases were reported in 1984. Since then, anywhere from 120-150 cases are diagnosed per year. Based on IHS and CDC data, there are now more than 2,300 American Indians and Alaska Natives with HIV/AIDS today.

Get the Study:
Increases in HIV Diagnoses --- 29 States, 1999--2002 (November 28, 2003)

Relevant Links:
National Native American AIDS Prevention Center - http://www.nnaapc.org
AIDS FAQ, Centers for Disease Control - http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pubs/faqs.htm
AIDS Programs, Indian Health Service - http://www.ihs.gov/medicalprograms/aids
Minority risk to AIDS, Centers for Disease Control - http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/graphics/minority.htm

Related Stories:
Project brings AIDS testing to Mont. reservation (11/21)
High rate of STDs among Natives cause for alarm (07/14)
CDC recommends routine HIV screening (04/18)
New cases prompt Navajo Nation AIDS program (03/27)
HIV rates high for Native drug users (01/07)
Natives confront AIDS discrimination (12/03)
Women now half of AIDS cases worldwide (11/27)
Pueblos combating AIDS (03/27)
At risk populations lack HIV tests (11/30)
Need for greater AIDS awareness cited (11/28)
Microbe appears to fight HIV (9/6)
AIDS diagnosis comes late for many (8/15)
CDC: AIDS decline leveling off (8/14)
Native HIV rates in Wyo. rise (6/5)
CDC: HIV statistics point to new 'epidemic' (6/1)
AIDS battle reaches Natives (12/1)
HIV/AIDS cases explode (11/24)
Indian Country warned of AIDS threat (11/16)
HIV/AIDS in Indian Country (11/16)
Center to study health disparities (11/01)

Copyright 2000-2003 Indianz.Com
More headlines...
Local Links:
Federal Register | Indian Gaming | Jobs & Notices | In The Hoop | Message Board
Latest News:
Tim Giago: Oglala Sioux people aren't afraid to say no to easy cash (9/1)
Native Sun News: Release of secret uranium mining data ordered (9/1)
Mark Trahant: It's past time for tribal leaders to govern the nation (9/1)
Jennie Stockle: A safe space for opponents of offensive mascotry (9/1)
John Christian Hopkins: A big thank you to the friend I never met (9/1)
National Museum of the American Indian celebrates 10th birthday (9/1)
Mother arrested in connection with child's death on Navajo Nation (9/1)
Opinion: Energy development can help secure tribal independence (9/1)
Cherokee Nation announces $170M casino and retail development (9/1)
Tunica-Biloxi Tribe won't be sharing gaming revenues this quarter (9/1)
Seminole Tribe on track to see gaming revenues increase to $2.1B (9/1)
Eastern Shawnee Tribe to reopen gaming facility in February 2015 (9/1)
Editorial: Tohono O'odham Nation didn't play by 'rules' with casino (9/1)
Opinion: Gaming good for Eastern Cherokees but not for fellow tribe (9/1)
Opinion: Federal recognition only means more casinos in California (9/1)
Native Sun News: Tribes walk out of contract support cost meeting (8/29)
Clara Caufield: Northern Cheyenne Tribe spends $2.4M on property (8/29)
Mike Johanns: Retracing steps of great Ponca Chief Standing Bear (8/29)
Steven Newcomb: Racist mascot a sign of deeper problems in US (8/29)
Lauren Jones: Affordable Care Act benefits Native Americans too (8/29)
Gila River Indian Community to see $77.6M from Cobell buy-back (8/29)
Energy boom linked to rise in human trafficking in Indian Country (8/29)
Navajo man heads up Native American Homelessness Task Force (8/29)
9th Circuit hears case over Yakama Nation tobacco manufacturer (8/29)
WAER: ICWA matters handled in 'kangaroo courts' in South Dakota (8/29)
MPR: Red Lake Nation opposes liquor license near dry reservation (8/29)
Tule River Tribe helps remove marijuana operation on reservation (8/29)
Omaha Tribe signs agreement with EPA to improve utility services (8/29)
Las Vegas Paiute Tribe rejected 'gift' from NFL team's foundation (8/29)
KPLU: Spokane Tribe maintains close ties with baseball franchise (8/29)
Opinion: HUD loan program a small step to boost Indian housing (8/29)
DNA study finds distinct population of Native people in Arctic area (8/29)
Tribes closely watching Big Lagoon Rancheria casino land dispute (8/29)
Tohono O'odham Nation to build off-reservation casino in phases (8/29)
State questions Forest County Powatatomi Tribe's slot machines (8/29)
Quapaw Tribe eyes local support for commercial casino in Kansas (8/29)
Native Sun News: Police officers who shot Indian teen get medals (8/28)
Cara Cowan Watts: Laying the groundwork for college scholarship (8/28)
Rudolph Ryser: Indigenous nations need leverage to bring change (8/28)
DOI extends $100M in Cobell buy-back offers on two reservations (8/28)
Cobell buy-backs could return over 38K acres to tribe in Montana (8/28)
Five-year-old Navajo boy sent home from school for his long hair (8/28)
Three charged with murder for death of Mississippi Choctaw man (8/28)
Lummi Nation seeks cooperation after ruling in treaty rights case (8/28)
Artist Gregg Deal takes on Indian mascots for performance piece (8/28)
Sports announcer won't use Washington NFL team's name on air (8/28)
Recruiter from Spokane Tribe's college selected for Peirone Prize (8/28)
California tribes support release of water to benefit salmon runs (8/28)
Southern Ute Tribe invests $2B in big energy production system (8/28)
County hires lobbying firm to oppose federal recognition reforms (8/28)
Tohono O'odham Nation breaks ground for off-reservation casino (8/28)
Cherokee Nation starts construction on casino at Indian allotment (8/28)
Aquinnah Wampanoag Tribe responds to opponents in casino suit (8/28)
Jamul Band continues work on $360M casino after victory in court (8/28)
Editorial: Forest County Potawatomi Tribe ups ante in casino feud (8/28)
Ho-Chunk Nation launches outreach effort amid casino expansion (8/28)
Nebraska Supreme Court hears arguments over gaming initiative (8/28)
Tim Giago: Greedy lawyers and government ruin Cobell settlement (8/27)
Native Sun News: Facility in Montana set to house Indian inmates (8/27)
Gerald Gipp: National strategy needed to reform Indian education (8/27)
more headlines...

Home | Arts & Entertainment | Business | Canada | Cobell Lawsuit | Education | Environment | Federal Recognition | Federal Register | Forum | Health | Humor | Indian Gaming | Indian Trust | Jack Abramoff Scandal | Jobs & Notices | Law | National | News | Opinion | Politics | Sports | Technology | World

Indianz.Com Terms of Service | Indianz.Com Privacy Policy
About Indianz.Com | Advertise on Indianz.Com

Indianz.Com is a product of Noble Savage Media, LLC and Ho-Chunk, Inc.