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Posted: October 25, 2020

COVID-19 Indian Country IHS

The Indian Health Service has updated its coronavirus data, showing results as of October 23, 2020.

According to the data, 65,534 tests have returned positive for COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus. That represents an increase of 0.43 percent from the 65,253 cases previously reported by the IHS.

Altogether, 1,061,502 coronavirus tests have been administered within the IHS through October 23, the data shows. That marks an increase of 0.5 percent from the day prior.

Since the release of data from October 14, the IHS has been providing additional information about the spread of the coronavirus. The cumulative percent positive column shows the historical COVID-19 infection rate, meaning the number of tests that have returned positive since the onset of the pandemic.

Based on the cumulative percent positive, the highest rates are being seen in the Phoenix Area (13 percent) the Navajo Area (13 percent) and the Tucson Area (8 percent). All three regions include the state of Arizona, indicating a disproportionate toll of COVID-19 in the state.

The 7-day rolling average positivity column offers a contemporary look at the impact of the coronavirus. The data shows where COVID-19 cases have been increasing more recently.

Based on the 7-day rolling average positivity, three different areas have seen dramatic increases in COVID-19 cases.  They are: the Billings Area (21 percent), the Great Plains Area (18.2 percent) and the Oklahoma City Area (11 percent).

Overall, 6.6 percent of IHS tests have been positive since the onset of the pandemic. The 7-day average is slightly higher, at 8.2 percent.

The data, however, is incomplete. While 100 percent of facilities run directly by the IHS are reporting data, only 33 percent of tribally managed facilities and 44 percent of urban Indian organizations are doing the same, the agency has told Indianz.Com.

The agency also provided to Indianz.Com the service population for 2019: 2,562,290. Based on that figure, 41.4 percent of American Indians and Alaska Natives have been tested for the coronavirus since the IHS began reporting data in March.

The IHS user population, on the other hand, is a much smaller number. As of 2019, 1,662,834 American Indians and Alaska Natives have lived within a service delivery area and have received health care at an IHS or tribal facility during the previous three years.

Based on the user population, 63.8 percent of Native Americans have been tested for the coronavirus since the IHS began reporting data in March.

COVID-19 Cases by IHS Area

Data are reported from IHS, tribal, and urban Indian organization facilities, though reporting by tribal and urban programs is voluntary. Data reflect cases reported to the IHS through 11:59 pm on October 23, 2020.

IHS Area
positive *
7-day rolling
positivity *
Alaska 286,105 3,901 255,230 1.5% 3.7%
Albuquerque 51,464 2,502 37,865 6.2% 9.1%
Bemidji 67,897 2,997 62,198 4.6% 9.9%
Billings 69,602 4,560 61,221 6.9% 21.0%
California 23,209 1,464 21,103 6.5% 4.2%
Great Plains 83,843 5,253 77,367 6.4% 18.2%
Nashville 33,109 2,396 29,687 7.5% 7.2%
Navajo 112,116 12,521 84,092 13.0% 5.8%
Oklahoma City 205,144 15,901 184,451 7.9% 11.0%
Phoenix 82,899 10,587 71,110 13.0% 8.0%
Portland 38,035 2,815 34,474 7.5% 4.2%
Tucson 8,079 637 7,333 8.0% 3.8%
TOTAL 1,061,502 65,534 926,131 6.6% 8.2%

* Cumulative percent positive and 7-day rolling average positivity are updated three days per week.

Source: (Indian Health Service)

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