A decade-old dispute between the Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians
and a former gaming partner is finally over thanks to the nation's highest court.
Without comment, the U.S. Supreme Court
on Monday rejected a petition in Sharp Image Gaming, Inc. v. Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians
. The action, which came in an order list
during an otherwise bad news day for Indian Country
, means a state court ruling in favor of the tribe will stand.
The September 2017 decision from the California Court of Appeal for the Third District represented a big victory
because it reversed a $30 million judgement against the tribe. The money was claimed by Sharp Image Gaming, which had helped open a casino on the reservation in the mid-1990s.
But since the agreements between the tribe and the firm were never approved by the National Indian Gaming Commission
, a federal agency, they cannot be enforced, the court said in the ruling.
“I always believed the tribe was in the right,” then-chairman Nicholas Fonseca said at the time
. Had the court not ruled in the tribe's favor, the judgement would have grown, with interest, to about $49 million.
According to Sharp Image Gaming's lawsuit, the firm loaned the tribe money and helped finance a casino that debuted in late 1996. The facility closed just eight days later amid disputes with local officials and with the NIGC, according to a subsequent decision from the federal agency
Still, the relationship came back to haunt the tribe after it found a new partner and opened the Red Hawk
in December 2008
. Sharp Image argued that it was owed millions of dollars as well as a share of the new facility's revenues.
The claims, however, ended up hurting Sharp Image because those kinds of arrangements are typically found only in management contracts with tribes. Under the terms of the Indian
Gaming Regulatory Act
, all management contracts must be submitted to the NIGC for review and approval, which never happened in this situation.
"We conclude that IGRA preempts state contract actions based on unapproved
'management contracts' and 'collateral agreements to management contracts' as
such agreements are defined in the IGRA regulatory scheme," Judge William J.
Murray, Jr. wrote in the 67-page decision
The case had drawn the attention of the Department of Justice
filed a brief in support of the federal pre-emption argument that was embraced
by the court. The NIGC also issued a letter
to the tribe
in which the agency's chairman said the agreements with Sharp Image were
unapproved management contracts.
As the case was making its way through the courts, Sharp Image lost its ability to engage in business in the state. A May 2016 decision from the California Gambling Control Commission
found that the firm had provided "untrue, inconsistent and/or misleading information" about its dealings with the tribe, demonstration a "lack of good character, honesty, and integrity."
The Shingle Springs Band, meanwhile, has continued to make strides at Red Hawk, despite some rocky years following the national economic recession in 2008. The tribe ended up buying out its new partner, signing a new gaming compact with more favorable terms and refinancing its debt.
Turtle Talk has posted documents from the case, Sharp
Image Gaming, Inc. v. Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians
California Court of Appeal for the Third District Decision:Sharp Image
Gaming, Inc. v. Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians
(September 15, 2017)
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