Artman's tenure marked by Freedmen dispute

Assistant secretary Carl Artman cited "many accomplishments" in his resignation letter on Monday but one controversial matter remains unresolved.

As Artman came on board in March 2007, voters of the Cherokee Nation amended their constitution to deny citizenship to the Freedmen, who are the descendants of former slaves. He told the tribe that an 1866 treaty protected the Freedmen's rights.

Artman later accepted the constitution after the tribe allowed the Freedmen to vote on a different amendment that eliminated Bureau of Indian Affairs review of future changes. But that didn't end the dispute and the status of the Freedmen remains a politically hot issue on Capitol Hill.

Get the Story:
BIA leader resigns amid controversy (The Tulsa World 4/30)

Cherokee-Related Legislation:
H.R.2786 | H.R.2895 | H.R.2824 | H.R.3002

BIA Letters:
August 9, 2007 | July 11, 2007 | June 22, 2007 | May 21, 2007 | March 28, 2007 | August 30, 2006

Sovereign Immunity Court Decision:
Vann v. Kempthorne (December 19, 2006)

Cherokee Nation Judicial Appeals Tribunal Decision in Freedmen Case:
Allen v. Cherokee Nation (March 7, 2006)

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