Still, public schools have faced shortfalls in recent years, but not because of tribes -- their payments to the state have risen. Instead, other sources of revenue, including energy and certain forms of taxation, have come in lower than expected, leading to cuts in recent years and prompting politicians to look for other ways to boost the bottom line. An expansion of Indian gaming is among the ideas on the table. Adding ball and dice games -- and making tribes share the revenues -- could bring $22 million next year and $49 million in the following year, according to lawmakers. The Oklahoma Education Association has voiced support for the expansion but it has not been approved by the Legislature. Tribes would still have to negotiate new compacts and install ball and dice games in order for revenues to kick in. According to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Oklahoma has failed to keep up with inflation and rising costs. As a result, touted gains in education funding have not actually resulted in progress due to cuts stemming back to 2008, when the entire nation fell into an economic recession.
"For example, Oklahoma’s $2-per-pupil increase this year was far from enough to offset the state’s $1,058-per-pupil cut over the previous nine years," the center said in a November 2017 report that called the last decade a "punishing" one for public education. The report noted that politicians in Oklahoma approved tax cuts rather than restore funding to pre-recession levels. "It is impossible to reverse a decade of student growth that has outpaced funding for public education in a single revenue bill or legislative session," the Oklahoma Department of Education acknowledged as it touted the pay raise. But Oklahoma is not alone in funding woes. Teachers in Kentucky also walked out on Monday in protest of spending levels. Educators in West Virginia went on strike on February 22 and returned to work after nine days after securing a 5 percent pay raise. The overwhelming majority of American Indian and Alaska Native students attend public schools, both on and off reservations. In Oklahoma, they represent 15 percent of the student population, according to NIEA. The Bureau of Indian Education oversees 5 schools in Oklahoma. They are funded by the federal government, not by the state.
NIEA stands with the teachers who are fighting for the #students they serve, by demanding the state of #Oklahoma supports a high quality, rigorous, and fully-funded education system. #okteacherwalkout #OKteachers #NativeEducation #NativeStudents @okea https://t.co/zKNWWDQ83V— NIEA (@WereNIEA) April 2, 2018