Good farm policy benefits every American, every day. We took a big step in passing #FarmBill in same year previous one expired – 1st time since 1990 – as the Senate passed conf. committee’s report. Bill includes many #NorthDakota priorities, more here: https://t.co/14XToEIWuA— Senator John Hoeven (@SenJohnHoeven) December 12, 2018
Native and non-Native farmers, ranchers and agricultural advocates are working together to remain connected to the land and the food they eat.
Establish a PL 93-638 (self-determination) tribal pilot project to bolster greater local control over procurement of goods for tribal nutrition programs. Expand support for research opportunities at Tribal Colleges and Universities. Make permanent the USDA Tribal Advisory Committee to provide technical assistance to the Secretary of Agriculture. Promote trade opportunities for local producers by directing the Secretary, when applicable, appoint Tribal producers to international trade missions. Provide technical fix for names of Tribal Colleges and Universities including Nueta Hidatsa Sahnish College in New Town, North Dakota.
According to Sen. Tom Udall (D-New Mexico), provisions of H.R.2 address the following programs and initiatives:
BREAKING NEWS - Senate has passed final #FarmBill w/ strong bipartisan support. This is good news for our #farmers & #ranchers who produce the highest quality, lowest cost food in the world. Now the bill goes to the House for final passage. https://t.co/14XToErlD2 pic.twitter.com/CfkN9oMEpc— Senator John Hoeven (@SenJohnHoeven) December 11, 2018
Expands Tribal Self-Determination to USDA – Authorizes tribal self-determination demonstration projects to USDA for the first time. A Tribal Self-Determination Project for Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) Food Procurement, which will allow tribal food programs to better serve the nearly 90,000 Native FDPIR participants with greater access to traditional and nutritional foods, and a Tribal Self-Determination Project for forestry functions, which will allow tribes to enter into administrative and management contracts with the Forest Service and BLM. This provision will help reduce wildfire threats on Federal lands adjacent to Native communities. Tribal Advisory Committee on Agriculture – Establishes a permanent tribal advisory committee within USDA to provide technical assistance, guidance, and direction on all polices implemented by the USDA and its Office of Tribal Relations. This provision will ensure that Indian Country’s unique needs are considered early on to maximize efficiency and facilitate the federal government-to-government relationship. Tribal Promise Zones – Ensures the Tribal Promise Zone initiative will continue to provide improved access to resources and technical assistance from federal agency partners to Native communities. Promise Zones rely on collaborative relationships with local communities and federal agencies to optimize federal resources. International Trade Missions – Facilitates greater participation on international trade missions by Native American farmers and ranchers, allowing tribal producers the opportunity to sell traditional crops and tribal products in the international market. Research at Tribal Colleges and Universities – Enhances grant and research opportunities for tribal colleges and universities by expanding access to nearly $11.3 million in USDA research and extension funding, including the McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program; the Children, Youth and Families at Risk (CYFAR) Program; and the Federally Recognized Tribes Extension Program (FRTEP). Establishment of Rural Development Technical Assistance Program for Indian Country – Establishes a Technical Assistance Program tailored to tackle the unique challenges of Tribal government, Tribal businesses and entities in accessing USDA’s rural development resources. Study of the Farm Credit System – Requires the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to study the agricultural credit needs of farms, ranches and agricultural businesses to determine whether the institutions of the Farm Credit System need to be improved to meet the unique needs of Indian Country.
The Native Farm Bill Coalition also highlighted a number of self-determination and parity provisions in H.R.2. They follow:
Vice-Chairman Anderson kicked off the Native Farm Bill Coalition briefing at #NCAI75. Proud to have 160+ tribes and organizations join our effort with @NCAI1944, @IFAIUark & @IntertribalAG to advocate for Native provisions in the next #FarmBill. pic.twitter.com/r7JbVvVIRO— Shakopee Mdewakanton (@ShakopeeDakota) October 25, 2018
Conservation: Parity and Support for Tribal Producers
Requires the Secretary of Agriculture to enter into alternative funding agreements with tribes and tribal producers in both the EQIP and CSP programs. Nutrition: Supporting Tribal Self-Governance and Management of FDPIR
Includes a new $5 million demonstration project authorizing tribes to purchase food for the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations under “638” tribal self-determination contracts.
Adjusts the FDPIR matching requirements and funding limitations to reduce the burden of administering FDPIR so that economically disadvantaged tribes may reach more households in need of assistance.
20 percent tribal match; waiver of match to enable full USDA funding required for tribes with economic hardships; and ability to use other federal funding to reach the match requirement.
Allows for two-year carryover funding for FDPIR.
Adds “regionally-grown” to the traditional foods provision purchase provision for FDPIR Forestry: Self-Governance and Parity for Healthy Forestry Management
Establishes a Tribal Self-Governance Demonstration Project for management of Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management lands adjacent to Indian lands under the Tribal Forest Protection Act.
Makes tribal governments eligible to exercise Good Neighbor Authority for forestry management agreements with states and USDA Rural Development: Building Infrastructure and Economic Development Opportunities
Provides refinancing authority for some Rural Development programs currently within the Substantially Underserved Trust Areas (SUTA) designation.
Tribal priority, inclusion, and access to broadband programs, including the community connect program, to build infrastructure and economic development opportunities in Indian Country.
Creates a permanent tribal technical service and assistance office across all USDA Rural Development funding authorities.
Reauthorizes and expands eligibility of tribal consortia and Alaska Native Villages for a water system infrastructure program.
Maintains funding Tribal College and University Essential Community Facilities program. Research: Inclusion and Parity for Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs)
Adds 1994 TCUs as eligible for the McIntire-Stennis Forestry program capacity funding.
Reauthorization of support for TCUs, adding two tribal colleges previously excluded and creating parity for access to Children, Youth and Families at Risk (CYFAR) and the Federally Recognized Tribes Extension Program (FRTEP).
Creates a Native American student scholarship fund for tribal students who attend land grant universities and colleges. Trade: Increased Opportunities and Access to Overseas Markets
Increases opportunities for tribes and tribal producers to participate in international U.S. trade delegations. Horticulture/Specialty Crops: Support for Traditional and Local Foods
Makes tribes eligible to participate in Local Agriculture Market Program to help tribes grow, process and market Native foods. Commodity Title: Support for Tribal Producers
Adds tribes and tribal organizations as specifically eligible under the livestock disaster programs. Credit: Improving Access to Credit for Tribal Producers
Requires a Government Accountability Office (GAO) Study on access to credit issues in Indian Country. Upholding the Trust Responsibility
Maintains the Office of Tribal Relations within the Office of the Secretary to report directly to the Secretary of Agriculture.
Establishes a new Tribal Advisory Committee through the Office of Tribal Relations to provide advice to the Secretary on tribal related issues and policies.
Legalizes hemp farming and authorizes new state and tribal plans to self-regulate, develop, and expand hemp production; also provides technical assistance to tribes and requires that states permit a tribe to transport across a state hemp that is lawfully produced under this Act.
Provides additional tribal government and producers eligibility and permanent baseline funding for the combined Farming Opportunities Training and Outreach (FOTO) program for beginning and socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.
Codifies and expands Tribal Promise Zone program authority in order to bring greater focus to federal investments in tribal communities in ways that stimulate local economic development.
Makes tribes eligible to participate in new National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program. Additional Tribal-Specific Provisions Supporting Parity and Inclusion for Tribes and Tribal Producers
Authorizes micro-loans for local foods in food insecure areas and makes tribes eligible.
Making it official with my hemp pen!🖋️ Proud to have served as conferee on #FarmBill & to fight for #Kentucky priorities. With today's signature, my provision to legalize industrial #hemp is 1 step closer to reality. Looking forward to voting YES on this bill & sending to @POTUS pic.twitter.com/8ypwBebXy7— Leader McConnell (@senatemajldr) December 10, 2018
At a time when farm income is down and growers are struggling, industrial hemp is a bright spot of agriculture’s future. My provision in the Farm Bill will not only legalize domestic hemp, but it will also allow state departments of agriculture to be responsible for its oversight— Leader McConnell (@senatemajldr) December 11, 2018
My provisions provide farmers & ranchers relief from drought using technology to better implement dry-land farming practices, provides resources to combat deadly diseases wiping out hop fields, & makes industrial hemp legal so CO farmers can use their land how they see fit.— Cory Gardner (@SenCoryGardner) December 11, 2018
John Berrey: Congress can do what's right for Indian Country (August 31, 2018)
Democrats: We must build on the successes of self-determination (July 23, 2018)
Cronkite News: Republican version of Farm Bill defeated in House (May 21, 2018)
Tribal items still going up for sale as lawmakers advance STOP Act (May 17, 2018)
Senate Committee on Indian Affairs moves quickly on pro-tribal farm bill (May 15, 2018)
Winnebago Tribe promotes food sovereignty for future generations (March 30, 2018)