Democracy! Nowstandoff over safety and sovereignty is intensifying in South Dakota. Two Indigenous tribes there, the Cheyenne River Sioux and the Oglala Sioux, established checkpoints on roads leading into their territories, ensuring all those seeking entry onto tribal lands are traveling for an approved, essential reason and don’t exhibit symptoms of COVID-19. On May 8, Republican South Dakota Governor Kristi Noem, one of only eight governors nationally who refused to issue a stay-at-home order, demanded they remove the checkpoints or face state government intervention. The checkpoints remain in place. “The main purpose of these checkpoints is to keep our people safe,” Harold Frazier, the elected Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe chairman said Tuesday on the Democracy Now! news hour. “With our population, with our lack of medical facilities, we look to our relatives to the south, the Navajo Nation, and see what’s going on there. That could easily be us,” he added, commenting on the massive COVID-19 outbreak on the Navajo reservation.
The Cheyenne River Sioux reservation has eight beds in its clinic, and no Intensive Care Unit. The nearest hospital, in Rapid City, is three hours away. Oglala Sioux Tribe President Julian Bear Runner explained his decision to create checkpoints in a Facebook live video, saying, “Governor Noem miscalculates our level of dedication to protect our most vulnerable people from crony capitalism, threats to force us to open our economy as they chose to. There is no way to place a value on what we have to lose if we let them insult us this way. My relatives, we have been here for millions of years. Whatever they brought to our lands has proven to be poison.” Governor Noem is a staunch ally of President Donald Trump, and a frequent guest on the rightwing Fox News Channel. Applauding the largely white, heavily-armed groups protesting stay-at-home orders in several state capitals in April, Noem told Fox News host Laura Ingraham, “So many people give up their liberties for just a little bit of security and they don’t have to do that.” Even though South Dakota currently has one of the fastest growing infection rates in the U.S., Noem is promoting a return to “normal,” risking a surge of COVID-19 deaths. Sioux Falls is home to a massive Smithfield Foods slaughterhouse, where 3,700 workers “process” close to 20,000 hogs daily. That plant became the most intense COVID-19 hotspot in the country.
"Dear President Trump": First Kristi Noem made a legal threat. Now Republican @govkristinoem of #SouthDakota is asking the White House for help in taking down #Coronavirus checkpoints on two reservations. #COVID19 #Sovereignty #HonorTheTreaties https://t.co/I7j8FPVU62— indianz.com (@indianz) May 21, 2020
The checkpoints work, by the way. One person stopped responded that they had been in a known COVID-19 hotspot, which tribal authorities duly noted. Not long after, she reported feeling ill, and within eight hours had a positive COVID-19 test result. Tribal health officials performed rapid contact tracing and quarantined those who had been near the infected individual. The data collection at the checkpoint expedited the response and, hopefully, prevented further spread of the virus. The Ogala Sioux have just reported their first case this week, and immediately imposed a reservation-wide, one day curfew. These two tribes, part of the Oceti Sakowin people, are no strangers to the depredations of white settlers. “The love of possessions is a disease in them,” Sitting Bull observed in 1877. “They claim this mother of ours, the Earth, for their own use, and fence their neighbors away from her, and deface her with their buildings and their refuse…All this is sacrilege.” The Cheyenne River and Oglala Sioux are doing all they can to stop the coronavirus from impacting their reservations. Their efforts at self-protection and mutual aid themselves are spreading, however. The Omaha Nation, not far to the south in Nebraska, has just established check points of its own.
We've been working for weeks to find a solution to the tribal checkpoints issue that respects both tribal and state sovereignty while following federal law.— Governor Kristi Noem (@govkristinoem) May 20, 2020
Unfortunately, the tribes have continued to operate checkpoints on State and US highways. (1/6)
Good morning relatives! The Omaha Tribe has began conducting checkpoints as of today 5/07/2020. The checkpoints will be...Posted by Omaha Tribe of Nebraska on Thursday, May 7, 2020
This article originally appeared on Democracy Now! on May 14, 2020. The original content of this program is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.
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