indianz.com your internet resource indianz.com on facebook indianz.com on twitter indianz.com on Google+
ph: 202 630 8439   fax: 202 318 2182
Falmouth Institute Online Training
Advertise on Indianz.Com
Home > News > Headlines

printer friendly version
Study finds high infant mortality rate among Natives
Wednesday, November 10, 2004

Native infants in British Columbia are more than three times as likely to die after birth than non-Native infants, according to data released on Tuesday.

Statistics Canada, the equivalent to the U.S. Census Bureau, discovered a high risk facing Native newborns in the province with the second-largest number of First Nation residents. From 1981 to 2000, Native infants were 3.6 more times likely to die after birth than their non-Native counterparts.

This disparity was even greater than the one found in the U.S. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the infant mortality rate for American Indians and Alaska Natives is 1.7 times higher than the rate for non-Hispanic whites.

The data also showed that the Native infant mortality rate was as high in urban areas as it was for rural reserves. Economic status didn't appear to play a role either, Statistics Canada reported, with risks of infant death similar in both low- and high-income Native families.

Despite the high rate, the data did show an improvement in health. Over the two-decade period, infant mortality rates declined 64 percent for First Nations people living in rural areas and declined 47 percent for those in urban areas.

But the agency said most post-natal deaths are entirely preventable. For example, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), the leading killer of Native newborns in the U.S., was also high among B.C. Natives. Infections were also a leading cause of death, similar to Natives in the U.S.

Native mothers in B.C. were also more likely to give birth prematurely. This played a large role in post-natal deaths, the study said, more so than birthweight.

British Columbia is home to more than 170,000 Natives, the second-largest in Canada. This accounted for 4.4 percent of the province's population.

Like many Native groups, the Native population in the province is younger than the non-Native population. According to Statistics Canada, the median age is 26.8 years, compared to 38.7 years for non-Natives in B.C.

Young Natives in B.C. also make up a slightly larger percentage of the population when compared to young non-Natives. As of 2001, 7.3 percent of Natives in the province were ages 0-14, compared to 5.6 percent for Canada as a whole.

Results of the Statistics Canada study were published in the International Journal of Epidemiology. The agency collaborated with McGill University, the University of British Columbia and the British Columbia Vital Statistics Agency to compile the 20-year data.

Overall, Canada's Native population is on the rise. From 1901 to 2001, the Indian, Inuit and Metis population grew by a factor of ten while non-Native population grew only by a factor of six.

In the 2001 census, about 1.3 million people claimed Native ancestry, representing about 4.4 percent of the total population. In 1996, people with Native ancestry were 3.8 percent of the total population.

Get the Data:
Study: Infant mortality among First Nations and non-First Nations people in British Columbia (November 2004)

Related Information:
Aboriginal peoples of Canada (2001 Census)

Related Stories:
Study finds Alaska Native youth at risk for asthma (05/14)
CDC calls attention to health disparities in U.S. (02/09)

Copyright 2000-2004 Indianz.Com
More headlines...
Local Links:
Federal Register | Indian Gaming | Jobs & Notices | In The Hoop | Message Board
Latest News:
Native Sun News: Oglala Sioux Tribe battles uranium mine (4/18)
Clara Caufield: BIA audits Northern Cheyenne police force (4/18)
10th Circuit affirms conviction for murder of Arapaho man (4/18)
Jay Daniels: Cobell settlement was flawed from beginning (4/18)
Dwanna Robertson: Muscogee Nation returns to homeland (4/18)
Peter d'Errico: Washington team makes colonial invasion (4/18)
Northern Arapaho Tribe receives $157M trust settlement (4/18)
Agua Caliente Band leaseholders seek $7M in tax refunds (4/18)
Oneida Nation sends $11M to county as part of settlement (4/18)
JPR: Klamath Tribes want Congress to approve water deal (4/18)
Judge dismisses Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe election suit (4/18)
ASU News: Navajo students enjoy learning their language (4/18)
Former NFL player jailed for DUI on Salt River Reservation (4/18)
BIA advances off-reservation casino projects in California (4/18)
Tunica-Biloxi Tribe reportedly operating casino at net loss (4/18)
Cherokee Nation to break ground on new hotel with casino (4/18)
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes not planing to offer poker games (4/18)
Arizona tribes close to $1B mark in gaming revenue sharing (4/18)
Group opposes Catawba Nation casino bid in North Carolina (4/18)
Native Sun News: Guilty verdict in death of Lower Brule boy (4/17)
Native Sun News: Paper brings home four first place awards (4/17)
Doug George-Kanentiio: Governor carries on divisive tactics (4/17)
Navajo president criticizes NIGA for withdrawing from event (4/17)
Crystal Willcuts: NFL trickster speaks with a crooked tongue (4/17)
Opinion: NFL team owner flashes money to defend racial slur (4/17)
Ten reservations account for biggest share of Cobell buyback (4/17)
Rosebud Sioux Tribe opposes megaloads through reservation (4/17)
Indian artists seek more control over popular annual market (4/17)
Panel to look into death of pregnant Indian woman in Mexico (4/17)
Lynn Valbuena returns to chairman post at San Manuel Band (4/17)
Yale University museum accused of stealing Tlingit artifacts (4/17)
Navajo Nation Council speaker still on leave amid court fight (4/17)
BIA asked to invalidate Shinnecock Nation's new constitution (4/17)
Onondaga Nation is negotiations over tobacco taxation issue (4/17)
Sen. Warren addresses Native American controversy in book (4/17)
Race relations council looking to boost efforts in border town (4/17)
Opinion: Federal recognition for Virginia tribes long overdue (4/17)
Opinion: University must eventually eliminate Ute nickname (4/17)
Appeals court in Canada rules for Metis in Indian status caes (4/17)
9th Circuit hears dispute over Redding Rancheria gaming site (4/17)
Coeur d'Alene Tribe set to launch new poker games on May 2 (4/17)
Judge hears arguments in lawsuit against Jamul Band casino (4/17)
Opinion: Poarch Creeks qualify for Class III gaming in Florida (4/17)
Opinion: Gaming interests prepare for next attack on Florida (4/17)
Native Sun News: Little Shell Tribe gets closer to recognition (4/16)
Native Sun News: Pine Ridge fighter prepares for next match (4/16)
Letter from Cobell attorneys on second settlement payment (4/16)
Cobell settlement administrator responds to payment delay (4/16)
Secretary Jewell to deliver commencement address at SIPI (4/16)
more headlines...

Home | Arts & Entertainment | Business | Canada | Cobell Lawsuit | Education | Environment | Federal Recognition | Forum | Health | Humor | Indian Gaming | Indian Trust | Jack Abramoff Scandal | Jobs & Notices | Law | National | News | Opinion | Politics | Sports | Technology | World

Indianz.Com Terms of Service | Indianz.Com Privacy Policy
About Indianz.Com | Advertise on Indianz.Com

Indianz.Com is a product of Noble Savage Media, LLC and Ho-Chunk, Inc.