indianz.com your internet resource indianz.com on facebook indianz.com on twitter indianz.com on Google+ indianz.com on soundcloud
phone: 202 630 8439
Dynamic Homes
Advertise on Indianz.Com
Home > News > Headlines

printer friendly version
Study links childhood experience to alcohol abuse
Friday, September 19, 2003

Native American children who were abused or attended boarding school are more likely to have problems with alcohol as adults, according to a study being published this month.

In what was said to be the first study of its kind, researchers found that men who suffered a combination of physical and sexual abuse as children were almost twice as likely to abuse alcohol. Women who were sexually abused or sent away to school were twice as likely to have alcohol problems, researchers said.

"The findings suggest that childhood exposures are highly relevant to Native American communities," the study authors wrote.

Published in the September issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, the study aims to understand why alcohol affects Indian Country disproportionately. From 1994 to 1996, the alcohol death rate among Native Americans was over seven times the rate for all other Americans, a figure considered conservative.

In studies among non-Natives, childhood experiences have been shown to correlate with alcohol problems later in life. But similar information about Natives was inconsistent, researchers said, because the studies were limited to one tribe.

By looking at seven tribes, researchers were able to get a wider view of alcohol abuse among different Native communities. Members of three tribes from the Phoenix area of the Indian Health Service (IHS), and one each from the Minnesota, Oklahoma, Portland and Nashville areas participated in face-to-face interviews with other Indians from 1998 to 2001.

The 1660 men and women subjects were asked about five childhood "maltreatment" categories: physical abuse, physical neglect, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and emotional neglect. They were also asked about parental alcoholism, education and cultural characteristics like language use, participation in tribal ceremonies and proximity to tribal homelands.

According to the study results, lifetime prevalence of alcohol dependence was high in all but one tribe. Similarly, parental alcoholism was reported by more than half of tribal members in all but one tribe.

Overall, 9 percent of men involved in the study had been diagnosed with alcohol abuse and 30 percent with alcohol dependence. Among women, 5 percent had been diagnosed with alcohol abuse and 18 percent with alcohol dependence.

Men and women were affected differently by other childhood maltreatment, researchers found. Combined physical and sexual abuse trigged higher alcohol abuse rates for men while sexual abuse and boarding school attendance were determining factors for women.

"The boarding school findings suggest that the removal from home for educational purposes has an independent negative consequence above that of maltreatment for women, but not for men," the study authors wrote.

The cultural and tribal influences on alcohol dependence were harder to discern for researchers, in part because of the diversity of the subjects. But they found that "relationships between cultural factors and alcohol dependence were not significant among men."

On the other hand, women who knew more of their language were had a higher risk of alcohol problems. Women who lived closer to their tribal lands were less likely to report alcohol dependence, the study found.

Researchers said their findings showed the need to develop social programs to lessen the exposure to adult drinking and to establish intensive preventive education on childhood sexual abuse.

The study authors were Mary P. Koss, Nicole P. Yuan, Douglas Dightman, Ronald J. Prince, Mona Polacca and Byron Sanderson from the University of Arizona College of Public Health. Author David Goldman was from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, which funded the study through a contract.

Relevant Links:
American Journal of Preventive Medicine - http://www.elsevier.com/locate/amepre
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism - http://www.niaaa.nih.gov

Related Stories:
Indian Country tops drug report again (9/17)
Native youth top drug use survey again (09/06)
Native youth targeted in anti-drug ads (5/17)
Native youth heaviest smokers in nation (4/3)
Report: Native youth highest drug users (10/5)
Ad campaign targets youth drug use (9/7)
Drug use high among Native youth (9/1)

Copyright � 2000-2003 Indianz.Com
More headlines...

Latest Headlines:

Indian Country suffers from highest diabetes rate as program hangs in limbo
House approves bill to authorize life-saving road for Native village in Alaska
Gyasi Ross: Wealthy white man perpetuates poverty porn in Indian Country
André Cramblit: Summer is a time to keep the world in balance with dance
Review: Fictional book about 'Lakota' people deserves benefit of the doubt
Trump team considers 'new' hurdles for off-reservation land applications
Cronkite News: Sen. McCain vows to return after brain cancer diagnosis
Steven Newcomb: Christian domination serves as basis for 'Indian' law
Terese Mailhot: Go home with your racism and your rinky dink blankets
Former U.S. Attorney urges energy industry to consult tribes in advance
Samish Nation still waiting for decisions on land-into-trust applications
Interior employee blames reassignment on advocacy for Alaska Natives
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes lay claim to ancestral remains uncovered in Idaho
Poarch Band of Creek Indians ready to debut amusement park in Alabama
Pessamit Innu cross Canadian border to fight power line in New Hampshire
Wilton Rancheria takes another huge step forward for casino in California
Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe urged to consider all options for stalled casino
Connecticut tribes sign new gaming agreements to account for new casino
Bishop Paiute Tribe wins ruling in another sovereignty dispute with county
Lawmakers debate another Indian bill though none have gone to Trump yet
Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Tribes make history with dental therapist
Oklahoma tribes won casino approvals on last day of Obama administration
Arne Vainio: Dignity and respect belong to all of us and cannot be hoarded
Doug George-Kanentiio: Religious doctrines remain at root of 'Indian' law
Mark Trahant: Republicans still unable to govern in the Donald Trump era
Cronkite News: McCain calls for compromise on health amid health crisis
Ho-Chunk Nation remains hopeful for off-reservation casino in Wisconsin
Kialegee Tribal Town confirms interest in gaming facility on allotment
Trump administration officially rescinds pro-treaty rights legal opinion
Key House committee moves forward with funding bill for tribal programs
Democrats host session on impacts of GOP health bill in Indian Country
Mark Trahant: Buckle up as Republicans try to repeal Affordable Care Act
Harold Monteau: It's time to bring 'tribalization' to the Indian Health Service
Sonny Skyhawk: America can't be proud of its treatment of Native peoples
Wilton Rancheria again wins backing for casino land-into-trust application
Senate Indian Affairs Committee schedules hearing on human trafficking
Mark Trahant: Republicans once again forced to delay vote on health bill
YES! Magazine: Decolonize your diet with indigenous and healthy foods
Mary Annette Pember: Oglala Sioux Tribe works on law enforcement pact
Tiffany Midge: Even more hilarious conversations with my Lakota mom
Kayla DeVault: Navajo Nation must take a stand to protect homelands
Rosebud Sioux man dies after being tased and struck by police officers
Cayuga Nation leadership finally recognized by Bureau of Indian Affairs
Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation hits milestone on gaming revenues
Kialegee Tribal Town aims to approve gaming at allotment in Oklahoma
House approves land-into-trust bills for tribes amid concerns about process
President Trump doesn't seem to know where Dakota Access Pipeline goes
North Dakota still hoping to secure taxpayer funds for #NoDAPL response
Terese Mailhot: Decolonization is about removing control over our peoples
Authorities seek information on fatal hit-and-run of Otoe-Missouria man
Mohegan Tribe reports 7.6 percent increase in slot machine revenues
Indian Country outnumbered at hearing on Indian Reorganization Act
Peter d'Errico: The Sioux Chef cooks up a 'wake-up call' with first book
Bad River Band benefits from Land Buy-Back Program for Tribal Nations
Former Indian Health Service executive indicted for accepting cash gift
Trump administration set to advance copper mine on sacred Apache site
Pascua Yaqui Tribe helps other nations with enhanced travel documents
Cow Creek Band gives tribal name to coffee roasting production company
Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe returns Jeromy Sullivan to chairman's post
Indian relay team from Blackfeet Nation wins title at Calgary Stampede
>>> more headlines...

Home | Arts & Entertainment | Business | Canada | Cobell Lawsuit | Education | Environment | Federal Recognition | Federal Register | Forum | Health | Humor | Indian Gaming | Indian Trust | Jack Abramoff Scandal | Jobs & Notices | Law | National | News | Opinion | Politics | Sports | Technology | World

Indianz.Com Terms of Service | Indianz.Com Privacy Policy
About Indianz.Com | Advertise on Indianz.Com

Indianz.Com is a product of Noble Savage Media, LLC and Ho-Chunk, Inc.