indianz.com your internet resource indianz.com on facebook indianz.com on twitter indianz.com on Google+
ph: 202 630 8439
Fredericks Peebles & Morgan LLP
Advertise on Indianz.Com
Home > News > Headlines

printer friendly version
CDC: Smoking rates highest among Native Americans
Monday, February 2, 2004

American Indians and Alaska Natives have the highest rate of cigarette use in the nation, according to statistics released on Friday.

Current smoking among Native Americans surpassed all other racial and ethnic groups, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported. Rates were equally high for Native youth and adults during the years 1999 through 2001.

For Native youth ages 12-17, 29.5 percent reported cigarette use. This was more than twice the rate of smoking by Whites, nearly three times the rate among Hispanics, nearly four times the rate among African-Americans and nearly five times the rate among Asians.

For Native adults, the rate of smoking was even higher -- 40 percent. In contrast, cigarette use among Whites, African-Americans and Hispanics hovered around 30 percent while smoking among Asians was reported at 24.1 percent.

Led by Surgeon General Richard Carmona, government officials and researchers said the disparities can be attributed to several factors. Parental and community disapproval is high among African-American and Hispanic groups, they said.

"However ... current smoking prevalence is the result of complex interactions of multiple factors, including socioeconomic status, cultural characteristics, acculturation, stress, advertising, cigarette prices, parental and community disapproval, and abilities of local communities to mount effective tobacco-control initiatives," the group wrote in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, a publication of the CDC.

The data contained in the report was based on information from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Thousands of Americans participate in the survey every year, providing a snapshot of of tobacco, alcohol and ilicit drug use throughout the country.

Results from the past several years show that Indian Country is on top in almost every category. Among Native youth, tobacco and illicit drug use is particularly high.

The surveys also show that there has been little change in behaviors among American Indians and Alaska Natives. While tobacco use among all Americans has dropped over the years, the rates are stated for Natives.

To reverse the situation, government experts say "interventions are needed" to lower cigarette use among racial and ethnic groups with high rates. They say more education and tapping a community's strengths can help.

"Tobacco-control initiatives based on these practices can reduce disparities related to smoking prevalence, exposure to secondhand smoke, and the burden of smoking-related disease," Carmona and the others wrote.

The report was published 40 years after the very first Surgeon General's Report on Smoking and Health. The report led to widespread efforts to reduce cigarette usage, including a ban on tobacco advertising on broadcast media and development of better treatments.

According to the CDC, these and other efforts have resulted in a major drop in smoking in the past 40 years. "However, despite this progress, smoking remains the foremost preventable cause of death in the United States," the CDC says. "Each year approximately 440,000 persons die from illnesses attributed to smoking."

Get the Study:
Prevalence of Cigarette Use Among 14 Racial/Ethnic Populations --- United States, 1999--2001 | 40th Anniversary of the First Surgeon General's Report on Smoking and Health

Relevant Links:
Tobacco Control, Indian Health Service - http://www.ihs.gov/medicalprograms/epi/tobcco.asp

Related Stories:
Survey finds high-risk behaviors among BIA students (11/13)
Smoking rates among Natives highest in nation (10/10)
Study links childhood experience to alcohol abuse (09/19)
Indian Country tops drug report again (9/17)
Native youth top drug use survey again (09/06)
Native youth targeted in anti-drug ads (5/17)
Native youth heaviest smokers in nation (4/3)
Report: Native youth highest drug users (10/5)
Tribal tobacco challenges dismissed (9/5)
CDC: Indian mothers heaviest smokers (8/29)
Tribal challenge to big tobacco dismissed (7/17)
Report: Native women heaviest smokers (3/28)
Smoking in Indian Country (3/28)
Ad campaign targets youth drug use (9/7)
Drug use high among Native youth (9/1)

Copyright 2000-2003 Indianz.Com
More headlines...
Stay Connected:

Local Links:
Federal Register | Indian Gaming | Jobs & Notices | In The Hoop | Message Board
Latest News:
Native Sun News: Activists take annual swim to Alcatraz Island (10/21)
Mark Trahant: Alaska Natives ready for conference and election (10/21)
Chelsey Luger & Gyasi Ross: From slow suicide to slow healing (10/21)
Bill John Baker: Addressing breast cancer in our communities (10/21)
ICT interview with Assistant Secretary Kevin Washburn of BIA (10/21)
Navajo Nation court still mulling decision in presidential case (10/21)
Column: Billy Mills still inspires 50 years after Olympic victory (10/21)
Editorial: Winnebago Tribe's business makes a big contribution (10/21)
Lincoln Indian Center adopts permanent alcohol ban after party (10/21)
Suquamish Tribe shares fish from hatchery at annual giveaway (10/21)
Editorial: Bad move by Northern Arapaho Tribe on joint council (10/21)
Wisconsin court to hear appeal over Oneida Nation waste plant (10/21)
Closure of Chukchansi Tribe's casino affects reservation water (10/21)
Eastern Shawnee Tribe considers casino on ancestral Ohio site (10/21)
Town meeting for Lac Vieux Desert Band off-reservation casino (10/21)
North Fork Rancheria won't give up off-reservation casino plan (10/21)
Tohono O'odham Nation was looking for off-reservation casino (10/21)
Poarch Creeks won't confirm or deny talks for gaming compact (10/21)
Tim Giago: Deaths of Native men in Rapid City remain unsolved (10/20)
Charles 'Chuck' Trimble: Let Crazy Horse's spirit rest in peace (10/20)
Mark Trahant: Races come down to turnout in three key states (10/20)
Native Sun News: Billy Mills wows youth at Black Hills Powwow (10/20)
Cedric Sunray: Tribes abandon traditional aspects of inclusion (10/20)
Dustina Gill: Vote for Rick Weiland to protect our sacred waters (10/20)
Ousted Project Runway contestant reaffirms Puyallup heritage (10/20)
White House Tribal Nations Conference takes place December 3 (10/20)
Bryan Brewer: Park helps Oglala Sioux Tribe protect its culture (10/20)
Robert Porter: Don't let tribal issues fall prey to partisan politics (10/20)
Gabe Galanda: Abramoff's playbook still used in Indian Country (10/20)
Jay Daniels: Let BIA make changes to rights-of-way regulation (10/20)
Mike McBride: Sovereign goodwill at a low in tribal tax dispute (10/20)
Top Navajo Nation court holds hearing in presidential dispute (10/20)
Eastern Shawnee Tribe to open resort at ancestral site in Ohio (10/20)
Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas selects Lester Randall as new leader (10/20)
Editorial: Address safety concerns about tribal hunts at night (10/20)
Chukchansi Tribe sends layoff notices to most casino workers (10/20)
Rivals raise nearly $16M to block North Fork Rancheria casino (10/20)
Judge won't let BIA proceed with compact for Pojoaque Pueblo (10/20)
Candidates discuss Menominee Nation's off-reservation casino (10/20)
Opinion: Suckers help Chumash Tribe finance casino expansion (10/20)
Native Sun News: Oglala Sioux Tribe buckles to pressure on park (10/17)
more headlines...

Home | Arts & Entertainment | Business | Canada | Cobell Lawsuit | Education | Environment | Federal Recognition | Federal Register | Forum | Health | Humor | Indian Gaming | Indian Trust | Jack Abramoff Scandal | Jobs & Notices | Law | National | News | Opinion | Politics | Sports | Technology | World

Indianz.Com Terms of Service | Indianz.Com Privacy Policy
About Indianz.Com | Advertise on Indianz.Com

Indianz.Com is a product of Noble Savage Media, LLC and Ho-Chunk, Inc.